Simeon ben Yohai

(fl. 2nd cent.)
   Palestinian tanna. He was among the five pupils of Akiva who survived the failure of the Bar Kokhba revolt (132-5). When he expressed politicial opinions which were regarded by the Romans as seditious, he was forced to flee for his life; he is said to have hidden in a cave for 13 years. He was noted as a miracle worker, and was sent on a mission to Rome, where he succeeded in obtaining the withdrawal of a persecutory decree against the Jews. The authorship of the Zohar has been attributed to him, and he is frequently quoted in the Mishnah by his pupil Judah ha-Nasi.

Dictionary of Jewish Biography. .

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  • Simeon ben Yohai — /sim ee euhn ben yoh khuy/ fl. 2nd century A.D., Palestinian rabbi. * * * ▪ Jewish scholar flourished 2nd century AD       Galilean tanna (i.e., one of a select group of Palestinian rabbinic teachers), one of the most eminent disciples of the… …   Universalium

  • Simeon ben Yohai — /sim ee euhn ben yoh khuy/ fl. 2nd century A.D., Palestinian rabbi …   Useful english dictionary

  • MEKHILTA OF R. SIMEON BEN YOḤAI — (Aram. דְּרַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן בֶּן יוֹחַאי מְכִילְתָּא) (MS), a halakhic Midrash on Exodus from the school of R. akiva , which is attributed to R. Simeon b. Yohai because of his exposition at the beginning of the book. Several rishonim knew this… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • SIMEON BAR YOḤAI — (mid second century C.E.), tanna. Simeon was one of the most important pupils of akiva . In the Mishnah, the Tosefta, and those midrashei halakhah belonging to the school of R. Akiva, he is almost universally called R. Simeon without any… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Simeon bar-Yohai — (mid 2nd century)    Palestinian tanna. A pupil of AKIBA, he studied at Bnai Brak. He was one of the five outstanding pupils that survived the Roman persecution after the revolt of BAR KOCHBA, and continued studying with Akiba after the latter’s… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • SIMEON BEN GAMALIEL II — (of Jabneh), nasi (first half of second century C.E.), the son of rabban gamaliel of Jabneh and the father of judah ha nasi . Simeon was one of the few survivors after the Romans destroyed the house of the nasi in revenge for the Bar Kokhba… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • DURAN, SIMEON BEN ẒEMAḤ — (RaSHBaẒ, Hebrew acronym of Rabbi Shimon ben Ẓemaḥ; 1361–1444), rabbinic authority, philosopher, and scientist. He was born in Majorca to R. Ẓemaḥ Astruc Duran. In his youth Simeon studied in Palma (Majorca) at the yeshivah of Ephraim Vidal, who… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • BEN TEMALYON — BEN TEMALYON, name of a demon. According to talmudic legend it accompanied R. Simeon b. Yoḥai on his journey to Rome where he pleaded with the authorities to annul the decree compelling the Jews to have intercourse with their menstruating wives,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Simeon — See also: Simon Simeon, or Shimon is a given name, from the Hebrew he. שִׁמְעוֹן (Biblical Šimʿon , Tiberian Šimʿôn ). In Greek, it is written Συμεών, hence the Latinized spelling Symeon . MeaningThe name is derived from Simeon, son of Jacob and… …   Wikipedia

  • Schimon ben Jochai — (hebräisch שמעון בן יוחאי ; auch Schimon bar Jochai; in Mischna und Baraita einfach R. Simon; Jochai ist die Abkürzung von Jochanan; auch der Kurzname Raschbi kommt vor) war ein Tannait der sogenannten dritten (nach anderen der vierten)… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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